People : The majority of Jordan’s 4.4 million people are Arabs descended from the various tribes that have migrated to the area over the years from all directions. More than 92% of Jordanians are Sunni Muslims, and about 6% are Christians who live mainly in Amman, Madaba, Karak and Salt. The majority of Christians belong to the Greek Orthodox Church, but there are also Greek Catholics, a small Roman Catholic community. Jordan values its diverse population, and has consequently provided for the cultural rights of all its citizens. All of Jordan’s ethnic and religious groups have full freedom to form and participate in their own clubs, associations, schools or places of worship.
Weather : The climate in Jordan is semi-dry in summer with average temperature in the mid 30°C (mid 90°F) and relatively cold in winter averaging around 13 °C (55 °F). The seaside town of Aqaba on the Red Sea in the south and the Dead Sea region are warm throughout the year and very little rain falls there in winter, yet their summers can be very hot, while the desert in the east and the south is pleasant in the spring and autumn, relatively cold in winter and also very hot during the summer. Nights are almost always cool throughout the country and pleasant even in midsummer. Even in the hottest months of the year, namely July and August, the temperatures rarely exceed 38 degrees Celsius during the day and hover mostly in the mid thirties.
Food: Jordan shares culinary cultures with other Arabic and Mediterranean countries - hummus, baba ghanoush, tabouleh, falafel and kebabs all feature strongly. Yet Jordan has its own delicacies and national favorites. Most restaurants have a mixed menu including Arabic and European dishes. Alcohol is served in most restaurants and bars, except during the fasting month of Ramadan (non-Muslim nationals can drink alcohol only in hotels during Ramadan). Coffee is more than merely a drink; in Jordan it is surrounded with custom and treated with reverence. It is an important symbol of hospitality and trust.
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Amman Dead Sea Ultra Marathon - This is a test of endurance. The competitors begin at the high elevations of Amman and make their way down to the lowest point on Earth, in the desert of southern Jordan.
Amman International Theatre Festival - This annual festival is the only one in the Middle East and North Africa to be organized by an independent theatre company. Performances are mainly in Arabic and English.
May / July
Distant Heat - This is an annual concert and dance festival held at two venues in Jordan. It starts with an all-night party of electronic dance music in Wadi Rum, within the magnificent Jordanian desert.
September / October
Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr: The month of Ramadan is celebrated in Jordan as it is in Muslim countries throughout the world, with fasting and the spectacular banquet-feast of Eid-al-Fitr at the end.
Middle Eastern Dance Festival - Jordan Valley's Kibbutz Sha'ar Hagolan hosts the annual Middle Eastern Dance Festival - a variety of Middle Eastern dance classes combined with sightseeing, swimming, shopping and dance performances.